NEW DELHI: The Indian education system — from school to higher education, including IIT sand IIMs — is plagued by a massive manpower crunch. The HRD ministry’s presentation before Parliament’s consultative committee on Tuesday also highlights that in school education poor performance of big states is affecting the national picture. In the case of higher education, 42 Central universities with sanctioned faculty strength of 16,602 have 6,542 vacancies.
Fifteen IITs have 1,611 vacancies against the total strength of 5,092 faculty positions. Thirteen IIMs have to fill 111 vacancies out of 638 positions. Four Indian Institutes of Information Technology have almost 50% vacancy as 104 out of 224 positions are vacant. National Institutes of Technology across 30 states have 1,487 vacant of the total 4,291 positions. Even less than a decade-old Indian Institutes of Science Education & Research with five branches has been afflicted with faculty crunch — 131 vacancies out of the total strength of 518.
But it is the school education that is facing the real heat. Throughout the country there is a vacancy for 12.59 lakh teachers in primary and upper primary schools. Uttar Pradesh leads the way with 3.12 lakh vacancies against the sanctioned strength of 8.18 lakh. Bihar has not been able to fill 2.62 lakh teaching positions, whereas West Bengal has 1.8 lakh vacancies. For its size, Chhattisgarh has 62,466 vacancies. Madhya Pradesh has 89,000 vacancies, Gujarat (11,695), Karnataka (18,253), Delhi (10,074), Andhra (15,379) and Kerala (3,013). The consultative committee dealt with the issue of proposed national mission on teachers and teaching. The committee was told about two specific proposals by UGC on teacher training. The UGC had recommended setting up regional centres of educational management in IIM-Ahmedabad, Kolkata and Bangalore and in the National University of Educational Planning and Administration.